New models for awesome Community Supported Agricultures (CSAs)


The capacity and creativity of Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) models are growing. What used to be a simple (but noble) system of receiving a box of veggies fresh from a reasonably local farm each week is no longer the only CSA option for getting connected to your food.

But if you’re invested in picking up a box of gloriously local veggies each week, why not pastured meat also? Why not a fleece or ball of yarn? Why not local grains? The possibilities are endless, and there’s people out there already doing it…

Weekly CSA box - photo by Loon Organics

Weekly CSA box – photo by Loon Organics

In the land of OZ, we need more CSAs. Of every type, of every color. CSAs can be a great model that supports everyone and everything – the growers, the eaters, the wider community and of course the Earth.

We need more single-farm CSAs which strive to supply a group of subscribers with a regular veggie box, and we need more multi-farm CSAs where the load is spread between farms to provide a similar box.

In Australia there has been and continues to be some great CSAs sprinkled across the land, but they are a little few and far between. Exactly why this is is a complex thing, though as a crew learning to grow food on a  community scale we can say that we’ve got some ideas as to why that might be.

As we at Milkwood know however, passion will get you a bloody long way. And its getting excited about good ideas that can provide the gumption to make right livelihoods (and local food systems) roll, so here’s some of the exciting options we’ve come across of late for growing innovative CSA systems:

Happy cows. Photo by Yeehaw Farm

Happy cows. Photo by Yeehaw Farm

Meat CSAs:

These are a great idea, a bit like Joel Salatin’s Polyface Farms model. The customer signs up for a month or a quarter year or whatever the details are, and receives packs of various meats from a farmer they know. Mixed meats, just poultry, meat and eggs, etc. Lots of options and ideas depending on the grower’s resources.

This kind of model benefits the farmer because they can make decisions on when and how many beasts to slaughter  based on the CSA’s subscriber counts – without having to worry about taking excess product to the saleyards, or having to on-sell it to the local butcher (where they’d usually get paid by weight, not by nutrient density, ethical husbandry etc). This means the farmer gets a fair price for the ethically raised meat they’ve raised, which means in turn that they can keep farming. Which means more ethical animal husbandry, ultimately. Examples:

While not working in the CSA model, Polyface Farm has an incredible farmer-direct model for ethical meat production that’s being replicated worldwide, and is well worth a look.

Small-scale durum wheat crop - photo by Mendocino organics

Small-scale durum wheat crop – photo by Mendocino organics

Grain CSAs:

Possibly the future of small-scale grain growers until we get our acts into gear on grain growing. Unless you’re on the paleo diet, and even if you are, it’s fair to admit that our society eats an awful lot of grain. Probably too much. But good wholefoods in balance with the rest of your diet, including grain, are awesome (eat one of Rose’s sourdough spelt croissants and tell me different, go on). If i could join one of these, I would.

Like vegetable and meat CSAs, a grain CSA allows the grower to plan ahead, and know that on the other side of harvest awaits a crew of people who will eat the produce. The average size of a cropping farm in Australia has gone through the roof in the last 30 years, as small-scale grain production has become ‘unviable’. Unless we all want to eat grain from massive monocultures as our only option (organic or no), the grain thing is a subject that needs discussion and creativity directed at it pronto. Examples:

Photo by Jupiter Moon Farm

Photo by Jupiter Moon Farm

Fibre and Yarn CSFs:

(Community Supported Fibreculture) ok there’s not many of these around yet, but what an awesome idea. It’s small, it’s niche, it’s providing hand-made arts with a story and a farmer with a livelihood… a great idea for smaller acreages, or for land that’s being repaired, but not currently up for much else. Or for people who like shearing but not eating sheep. Examples:

And of course there’s many, many CSAs which are trying combos of vegetables and the above, as befits the future of small diverse farms. And there are many incredible CSAs that do vegetables only, and that’s great too. The more functional models the merrier. My point is that there’s lots of paths to creating livelihoods out of land stewardship and growing things.sharing-the-harvest-108

Great CSA resources for future growers:

And lastly just a couple of Australian CSAs (comment below if you’re running one and I’ll add you to this list?):

Photo by Jupiter Creek Farm

Photo by Jupiter Creek Farm

While CSAs are not the only model available for small scale growers (schemes like Food Connect are another great option, for different reasons), they do provide more stability in general than the flux and flow of farmers markets for most growers, create great customer relationships and provide energy and gumption to keep going through the tough times.

In the US, the CSA model is gaining huge popularity (as you can tell from the prevalence of US links above) but at this point Australians haven’t generally embraced the model. Yet.

But change is the constant, and everyone wants good clean food. All it takes is motivated, skilled-up folks to rise to the challenge of growing it, armed with innovative models for ensuring they can keep doing it.

If you’re keen to skill-up in how to grow great food on a community scale, our next two courses in Organic Market Gardening are:

>> More posts and resources for growing organic food on a community scale

Lead photo by Lexicon of Sustainability

Big huzzahs to The Greenhorns, as many of the links above can be found in their new book which has wonderful amounts of excellent leads for different small farm models.


  1. Posted January 1, 2013 at 7:09 am | Permalink | Reply

    Hi! Fyi, all the info about the Mendocino Grain Project can be found here: Cheers!

  2. Posted January 1, 2013 at 11:37 am | Permalink | Reply

    so basically there are no CSA’s in Oz? ONE in NSW? No wonder I can;t find them…

  3. Natalie
    Posted January 1, 2013 at 4:30 pm | Permalink | Reply

    Thanks Kirsten! A CSA with heirloom produce and fibres is my dream, and I salivate over the wealth of wonderful CSA’s in the US. Looking forward to the day there are loads more of them in Oz!

  4. symarafarm
    Posted January 1, 2013 at 6:06 pm | Permalink | Reply

    Hi Kirsten, thanks for the link to our site!

    There is also Sandy Creek Organic Farm at Beerwah (sunshine coast)

    Running a CSA ourselves, it is a mystery to me why the model is not more popular here. Admittedly it is a bit intimidating being responsible for feeding all those families each week, and there are significant logistical challenges in growing and distribution.

    My feel is it will be aspiring agrarians that will be the main drivers of the csa movement in Aus!


  5. Nicole Sadlier
    Posted January 2, 2013 at 10:57 am | Permalink | Reply

    Hi Kirsten, Symara Farm and Sandy Creek Organic Farm have fantastic produce. Food Connect is also big in Brissie, and I can see they have a Sydney group too. x

    • Posted January 2, 2013 at 11:15 am | Permalink | Reply

      Food connect does indeed exist in Sydney!

      • Posted January 2, 2013 at 12:20 pm | Permalink

        Yep foo connect is great! Very different from the CSA model tho :)

  6. Posted January 3, 2013 at 2:53 am | Permalink | Reply

    I would love to be in a grain CSA!

  7. Posted January 6, 2013 at 5:13 am | Permalink | Reply

    Up in FNQ we are lucky to have the Tablelands Biodynamic Farmers Co-Op and Happy Beef/Happy Hog. This is working well in our agricultural area, while CSA-style regular delivery never really took off. With Happy Beef/Happy Hog we are notified by email when the next lot of meat will be processed and we put our orders in. Anything not taken in orders is sold at the co-op.
    The info on the Co-Op is here

  8. tyrannous
    Posted December 21, 2013 at 5:52 pm | Permalink | Reply

    Mendocino organics and the mendocino grain project are not the same thing or people working togethet. FYI.

6 Trackbacks

  1. [...] Katso täältä alkuperäinen englanninkielinen artikkeli “New Models for Awesome Community Supported Agricultures“. [...]

  2. [...] system that is trying to grow as much of the food needed for a varied diet as possible (say in a CSA for example, or in a system like ours which is aiming to provide a catering kitchen with as many [...]

  3. By New Prairie CSA | poultry n00b on January 22, 2013 at 9:05 am

    [...] to people who care about their food, and to foster long-term relationships with them! Reading this article yesterday about the development of CSAs in Australia strengthened my [...]

  4. [...] New models for awesome Community Supported Agricultures (CSAs) [...]

  5. […] the kind of food we want to feed our families. Or organise alternatives in the form of co-ops, CSA’s, or whatever else works, where you […]

  6. […] so I googled CSA Australia, and there are some there too, here are the first couple links:…cultures-csas/ and….-food-systems/ but you can find way more relevant info […]

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